What You Need to Know About Pregnancy Ultra Sound
Ultra sound is a process whereby ultrasonic waves are used mostly for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes by getting images on internal organs and generation of localized heat to the body tissues. Additionally, ultrasound can be used to monitor the fetus during pregnancy. Pregnancy ultra sound is the procedure of getting an image of the embryo through measuring vibrations returned since the device used emits high-frequency sound waves.
A sound, also referred to as a sonogram, is invited to pregnant women to track the developing fetus as well the woman’s reproductive organs. The number of times to carry out a sonogram varies from one pregnancy to another. One of the reasons for a pregnancy ultra sound is to screen for any complications that may be arising so that they may be taken care of. There are various sorts of ultra sound ranging from the conventional to more complex ones like 3-D ultra sound and 4-D ultrasound.
Why a Pregnancy Ultra Sound?
Sonograms are carried out during the various trimesters of pregnancy for a variety of reasons but can also be discouraged if there is no medical advantage. However, if from the previous blood test, a problem was detected, your doctor can order for more ultra sounds. Some parents, out of curiosity use ultra sound to determine the sex of the baby before birth.
During the first trimester, ultrasounds are done to confirm pregnancy, check the fetal heartbeat and to diagnose miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. Furthermore, they are utilized to ascertain the old age of the fetus and predict its own due date and check for the chance of multiple pregnancies.
During the second and third trimesters which starts from twelve weeks to arrival, ultrasounds are utilized to track the development of the fetus and its position, determine the sex of the baby, monitor the amount of amniotic fluid and also the length of the cervix and to detect some arising abnormalities.
Different Types of Ultra Sound
Transabdominal ultra solid
This is the most common with pregnancies and a full bladder is advised since sound waves travel faster in liquid. You lay down for around twenty minutes on your back as your provider applies a thin coating of gel onto your stomach to help sound waves to move easily as you attempt to get the picture.
The difference of a transvaginal sonogram from the previous one is that the provider moves a transducer into the birth canal as you lie on your back.
There are also sonograms carried out on special cases as explained below.
3 -D ultra sound involves taking a million pictures simultaneously taking a 3-D image that’s clearer almost like a picture. It is utilized to ensure normal growth of the infant and occasionally for to find from any issues with the uterus.
4-D ultra sound
4 -D ultra sound has no much difference with the 3-D ultrasound but its advanced as it shows the baby’s movements in a video.
A fetal echocardiography is carried out if your doctor detects some heart defects in your baby. It takes time as compared to the traditional ultra sounds. It is in a position of catching the heart constructions of the infant and helps analyze the hearts’ functioning thus diagnosing any heart issues.